We all know that semen contains sperm. But what else does it contain? Why does it smell the way it does? Can you change the smell? What effects does it have on the body and the skin? These are some common queries that a boy and sometimes even an adult may have.

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Difference between sperm and semen

Sperm is a microscopic male reproductive cell that enters into the female reproductive system during sexual intercourse. It combines with the egg cells of a woman to form a foetus. Sperm is just a part of semen. To help the sperm travel to its required destination, different male sex organs release some fluids. When all these fluids combine with sperm, it is called semen.

Tubes into the pelvis releases fructose, a type of sugar, which provides sperm with the required energy to swim towards the female reproductive system. The prostate releases a fluid that contains different chemicals. This gives semen its water-like texture so that the sperm can travel freely. The exterior of semen is sticky, and glue-like because of the presence of all these chemicals. Semen is released from the tip of the penis when a man achieves his orgasm (sexual climax). During ejaculation, the urethra blocks the urinary track. This makes it easy for semen to travel.

Some facts that you might not know about semen and sperm.

Ton of sperm

A human male produces around 150 million sperm a day. That means you are producing a few thousand sperm every couple of seconds.

Eating and drinking can affect your semen

First and foremost, how hydrated one is can affect the volume and viscosity of his ejaculation. There is also plenty of anecdotal evidence to suggest that diet can affect semen’s taste.

They contain nutrients

Sperm is a microscopic cell, but it still contains nutrients. But since the quantity is too small, we don’t count it. But semen has nutrients in enough quantity that it can be measured. It contains sodium, vitamin C, vitamin B12, potassium, fat, zinc and other ascorbic acids.

There is semen inside your body

The semen that comes out of the penis is not the entire amount produced by your body. Some remains in your body even after ejaculation. The sperm content in the average semen you release is around one teaspoon. But in the remaining semen in the body, there are around 15 million sperms.

Quality of sperm and semen changes with age

A man can release sperm and semen at any age. But the quality may change as a man age. Sperm produced in old age will be abnormal and not strong enough to swim towards the eggs. Moreover, the sex organs become weak with age and it may not function properly. This also affects the flow of semen.

Semen is formed in three different parts of the body

Semen comes from three main structures in the male reproductive anatomy. The first is the prostate, which forms a milky substance full of enzymes, proteins, and minerals. The second are the seminal vesicles, which produce the fructose as well as two-thirds of the fluid. The third are the testicles, which produce the sperm and some other fluid as well.

Pre-ejaculation fluid is different

Pre-ejaculation fluid, also known as precum, does not contain any sperm. Even if it sometimes does, the sperm is weak, abnormal and poorly formed. Precum is basically a cleaner. It cleans the glands and provides natural lubrication to the penis.

Your sperm’s fertility 

If someone gets pregnant, then it’s safe to assume the sperm that did the deed were healthy and fertile. But a dude can’t just crank one out and take a look at it himself. Doctors can perform a semen test, though, which looks at things like how well sperm swim and how much sperm is in a man’s semen.